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Glucagon, Plasma

Important Note

This test can only be collected at the Main Campus. See Special Test Considerations.

Additional Codes

Primary ID

Epic Code

Mayo Test ID

GLUCA

LAB1005

GLP

 

Reporting Name

Glucagon, P

Useful For

Diagnosis and follow-up of glucagonomas and other glucagon-producing tumors

 

Assessing diabetic patients with problematic hyper- or hypoglycemic episodes (extremely limited utility)

Method Name

Immunoassay

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Plasma EDTA


Specimen Required


Patient Preparation: Fasting (8 hours)

Supplies: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Collection Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 2 mL

Collection Instructions:

1. Pre-chill tube at 4° C before drawing the specimen.

2. Draw into the pre-chilled tube, and process as follows:

a. After drawing specimen, chill tube in wet ice for 10 minutes.

b. Centrifuge in a refrigerated centrifuge or in chilled centrifuge carrier.

c. Immediately after centrifugation, aliquot plasma into a plastic vial, and freeze.


Specimen Minimum Volume

0.45 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma EDTA Frozen 90 days

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Reference Values

≤6 hours: 100-650 pg/mL

1-2 days: 70-450 pg/mL

2-4 days: 100-650 pg/mL

4-14 days: declining gradually to adult levels

>14 days: ≤80 pg/mL (range based on 95% confidence limits)

 

Glucagon levels are inversely related to blood glucose levels at all ages. This is particularly pronounced at birth and shortly thereafter, until regular feeding patterns are established. This explains the higher levels immediately after birth, which then first fall as the glucagon release mobilizes the infant's glucose stores, then rise again as stores are depleted, finally normalizing towards adult levels as regular feeding patterns are established.

 

For SI unit Reference Values, see https://www.mayocliniclabs.com/order-tests/si-unit-conversion.html

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Thursday

CPT Code Information

82943

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
GLP Glucagon, P 2338-2

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
9358 Glucagon, P 2338-2

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Analytic Time

2 days

Specimen Retention Time

90 days

NY State Approved

Yes